Common Skin Diseases In Children

Children are more susceptible to various skin (and other types) of diseases when compared to adults because their skin is tender and more sensitive. They also enjoy playing in the soil, getting dirty and not paying much attention to their personal hygiene.

Of course, we can`t blame them for it, they are still kids they don’t think about these matters, but it is our duty to safeguard them as much as possible. So the goal of this article is to bring more awareness to some of the common skin diseases in children, educate the parents and give them some basic idea of how to protect their kids.

Most Common Diseases

In the following paragraphs, we will be listing some of the most common skin diseases in kids, so let`s dig in!


Scabies is one of the more common skin diseases, especially where there are large groups of children paying/living together – in places like day-care centers, preschools, kindergartens and school.

The disease itself is caused by mites and it leads to extreme intense itching; itching so intense it may become unbearable and children simply have to scratch it, despite their best interest. The itching may be felt in legs, arms, soles, palms, torso or neck.

The disease is very contagious, spreading from person to person through direct physical contact.

Good thing about this disease is it is easily treated, but you will have to take your child to a skin specialist.


Compared to scabies, infantigo is a more serious condition, caused by bacteria. There are three different types of infantigo – the first two leave relatively few (if any) marks on the skin and scars, but the third one is severe and may leave deep scaring.

The disease is extremely contagious and should be treated as soon as your child notices red itchy patches on its skin. The key is to address this disease before blisters and scabs start to appear. (you can find out more about it at

Hand Foot Mouth Disease

This is probably the most common skin disease in children and it causes rash on the skin, followed but high fever, coughing, fatigue, headache, throat problems and, in some cases, loss of appetite.

The good thing about this disease is its short duration – it will usually go away after 4-6 days, but it is highly contagious and will spread easily through direct contact.

As for treating this condition, you will need to consult your pediatrician, meanwhile, you should make sure your child drinks lots of fluid and takes good care of his/her personal hygiene – wash hands regularly is a must!

Ringworms On The Scalp

This is a fungal disease in nature and it causes mild scalp infections.

This disease is most common in children 4-14 years of age, but it can affect adults as well. Ringworm infection is not that severe by itself, but it can be more severe if the child has a weak immune system.

It is also easily spread and it can even spread by common pillows, sheets, combs, caps etc.